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地道表达法(第5期)

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在前面几期的地道表达法讲解中,我们学习了图表写作里关于“上升”和“下降”的一些短语。同时我们也学习了如何利用简单短语进行精准表达,在一期中我们学到了,未必一定要使用高级词汇才能表达得地道,简单词组一样可以精准达意。
短语的含义往往由其核心词衍伸而来,并会因为不同的搭配出现或大或小的区别。这些区别是什么,这些短语用在哪里才更合适,都需要我们自己多加辨别。
这一期我们将看到关于“平稳”和“波动”的一些表达法。
平稳:
By the end of last last year, this improvement had reached a plateau.
截至去年年底,这种改善趋于平稳。
注解:
reach a plateau: If you say that an activity or process has reached a plateau, you mean that it has reached a stage where there is no further change or development.
plateau的意思是高原,reach a plateau,也就是进入平稳状态,不再有变化或进展。除了reach,hit也可以表示达到。
hit a plateau: to reach a higher level of activity, sales, production, output, etc., and then stop and remain unchanged for a time.
plateau用作动词含义为“进入停滞期,达到平稳状态”,所以除了reach/hit a plateau,plateau单独使用或后接out,也都能够表示“进入平稳时期”。
If something such as an activity, process, or cost plateaus or plateaus out, it reaches a stage where there is no further change or development.
The program will welcome twenty students in its first year with plans to level out at forty the following year.
该计划将在第一年迎来二十名学生,并计划在接下来的一年里维持在四十人的水平。
注解:
level out/off: If a changing number or amount levels off or levels out, it stops increasing or decreasing at such a fast speed.
level用作动词表示使变水平、平坦,level out/off表示“趋向平缓、趋于稳定”。需要注意的是,前面说到的reach a plateau是指某活动或进程,而level out/off 指的是数字或数量,并且有一个减缓并趋向平缓的过程。
We cannot have low tax increases and maintain the same level of officers in the police department.
我们无法在低税收增长的同时,在警察部门保持同等水平数量的警官。
注解:
maintain the same level: If you maintain something at a particular rate or level, you keep it at that rate or level.
maintain一词本身就有保持、维持某一比率和水平的意思,需要注意的是,同为“保持”,keep一词可以用来帮助理解这个短语的意思,却不能替代maintain。maintain强调的是精心维护、照料,使物体保持良好的状态,而keep指通过主观控制使某种状态维持下去或某事物维持原状,二者还是存在区别的。
波动:
His total working time per week fluctuated between 35 hours and 45 hours.
他每周工作时间在35至45小时间波动。
注解:
fluctuate between: to move between one thing and another; to change from one thing to another.
fluctuate的意思是变动、波动、上下浮动,后接between限定波动范围,fluctuate between A and B也就是在A和B之间上下波动的意思。
Gold prices would likely fluctuate around current levels but could rise later this year.
黄金价格可能会在当前水平波动,但今年晚些时候可能上升。
注解:
around表示围绕,前面说到fluctuate between是指在某一范围内波动,fluctuate around表示的则是围绕某一水平出现上下波动。
以上句子和短语均来自于雅思短语课程(写作篇),还没用过的贝友,可以免费试用哦~


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1楼2015-03-16 19:06