梦阁研读吧 关注:204贴子:1,806
  • 21回复贴,共1
为了……督促自己每天读英语……
我决定开个帖……每日翻译一段打卡……
原贴:http://lucidity.com/NL52.LightandMirror.html


回复
1楼2017-08-27 02:31
    先把以前翻译的一丢丢丢上来。


    回复
    2楼2017-08-27 02:33
      控梦极限的测试:光和镜子的实验
      作者:Lynne Levitan,Stephen LaBerge

      清明梦提供了对梦境更强的操控的保证。但还有一个问题仍待回答:梦到底可控到什么程度?做清明梦的能力同样使对这个问题的研究变为可能。在梦中达到清明后,梦者可以选择施行之前决定好的实验,测试他们达到特定目标的能力。在夜灯的自由落体问题(第四章,第四篇)中,我们要求清明梦玩家在梦中尝试指定的任务并汇报结果。此文将联系控梦的多种观点来说明在此研究中的发现。


      TESTING THE LIMITS OF DREAM CONTROL: THE LIGHT AND MIRROR EXPERIMENT
      by Lynne Levitan and Stephen LaBerge
      Lucid dreaming offers the promise of enhanced control over dreams. Yet the question remains quite unanswered of how much dream control is possible. The ability to have lucid dreams also makes possible a way to study this issue. After having attained lucidity in a dream, dreamers can choose to carry out predetermined experiments testing their ability to achieve certain goals. In the "Free Fall" issue of NightLight (Vol. 4, No. 4) we asked lucid dreamers to attempt certain tasks in lucid dreams and to report on the outcome. An introduction to the many viewpoints on dream control will put the findings from this study in context.


      收起回复
      3楼2017-08-27 02:34
        控制的方法
        这里所说的“控制”定义为“决定或影响事情发展的能力”,意思是一个个体的行为是随后造成的影响的诱因。我们可以精炼这个定义——区分自发与非自发的控制。自发控制是指你想造成一种特定的效果并且一步一步实现它。比如说,你想要让房子变得更干净,于是你扔掉了废纸。非自发控制指你的行为的非故意结果。比如说,你扔掉的那些废纸中有一张是你明天要做的报告的大纲。结果是,你需要重新写一张。在梦里,非自发影响可以举例为你也许因为跑开而引来了一个追逐你的怪兽。
        WAYS OF CONTROLLING
        The definition of "control" used here is "the ability to determine or influence the course of events." This means that an individual's actions are causes with subsequent effects. One way to refine this definition is to distinguish between voluntary and involuntary control. Voluntary control means that you decide you want to produce a certain effect and take steps to cause it. For example, you want the house to be cleaner so you throw away stray papers. Involuntary control refers to unintended consequences of your actions. For example, one of those stray papers you threw away was the outline of the presentation you are to give tomorrow. The result is you have to write a new one. In a dream, an example of an involuntary effect would be causing a dream monster to pursue you by running away.


        回复
        4楼2017-08-27 02:37
          达到控梦有不同的方法。一种不需要清明的方法是预先决定:在睡觉前选择好梦的设定和主题。这有些类似“孵梦”的想法——一个人想办法将梦诱导至一个重要的主题,从而回答问题或解决矛盾。在Patricia Garfield的书《创造性做梦》中,她举出了一些例子说明有动机的人们能够选择去梦到关于想要的主题的梦。如Charles Tart在Conscious Mind中发表、由Gackenbach和LaBerge编辑的论文《睡眠中的大脑》(1988年)中描述的,催眠后的暗示也被用于引诱出特定的梦的主题,同样获得了一些成功案例。然而成功创造特定的梦境设定并不意味着在梦中控制事件发展的能力。


          回复
          5楼2017-08-27 02:38
            补一下五楼的英文段落。
            There are different ways to approach controlling dreams. A method that does not require lucidity is predetermination: selecting the setting or topic of the dream prior to sleep. This is akin to the idea of "dream incubation" in which a person works to induce a dream about an important topic in order to answer a question or resolve a conflict. In her book, Creative Dreaming, Patricia Garfield presents some evidence that motivated people can choose to dream about desired topics. Post-hypnotic suggestions have also been employed in attempts to elicit particular dream topics, again with some success, as described by Charles Tart in his essay in Conscious Mind, Sleeping Brain, edited by Gackenbach and LaBerge (1988). Success with creating a particular dream setting, however, does not imply the ability to control the sequence of events in the dream.


            收起回复
            6楼2017-08-27 02:39
              同时性控制是一种在梦发生时即刻决定或改变其发展的能力。这种控制受清明梦的局限,不过相当于我们对现实世界的影响受我们思考所作所为时的局限。每当我们在梦中做出一个选择或某种行为,我们都在控制它。我们也许对于我们选择的理由毫无意识,但是决定就是会自己产生出来。然而,在梦中有清醒意识的人能够运用全部的知识——因为他们知道自己在做梦——从而做出深思熟虑的决定,并且观察他们对于梦的进程的影响。


              而这里讨论的问题就是我们到底能对我们所渴望的梦的走向影响多少?我们的行为会产生计划的效果么?比起清醒的时候,我们更能控制梦中的经历或是更不能?


              Concurrent control is ability to determine or alter the course of a dream in "real time," as it happens. This type of control is not limited to lucid dreams, anymore than our effect on the waking world is limited to times when we are thinking about what we are doing. Anytime we make a choice or act in a dream, we are controlling it. We may be unconscious of the reason for our choice, but the decision nonetheless originates within the self. However, people possessing lucid consciousness in their dreams are able to make deliberate choices and actions with full knowledge that they are experiencing a dream, and observe their effects on the course of the dream.

              The question addressed here is how well can we influence dreams in the directions we desire? Do actions produce the aimed-for effects? Do we have more or less control over our experiences in dreaming than in waking?


              收起回复
              7楼2017-08-27 02:59
                来自28号的8.27打卡。
                不行三点半了好困。
                虽然第二天打卡就鸽非常不好。
                但是还是好困。
                我明天翻译两段。补上来。
                嗯就这样。


                回复
                8楼2017-08-28 03:24
                  来自29号的8.28打卡。
                  不行两点半了好困。
                  虽然第三天打卡也鸽非常不好。
                  但是还是好困。
                  我明天翻译三段。补上来。
                  嗯就这样。


                  收起回复
                  9楼2017-08-29 02:18
                    来自30号的8.29打卡。
                    不行三点半了好困。
                    虽然第四天打卡也鸽非常不好。
                    但是还是好困。
                    我明天翻译四段。补上来。
                    嗯就这样。


                    回复
                    10楼2017-08-30 03:25
                      来自31号的8.30打卡。
                      不行一点半了好困。
                      虽然第五天打卡也鸽非常不好。
                      但是还是好困。
                      我明天翻译五段。补上来。
                      嗯就这样。


                      收起回复
                      11楼2017-08-31 01:26
                        来自⑨月1号的8.31打卡。
                        不行三点半了好困。
                        虽然第六天打卡也鸽非常不好。
                        但是还是好困。
                        我明天翻译六段。补上来。
                        嗯就这样。








                        我可能拖延癌晚期了。


                        收起回复
                        12楼2017-09-01 02:29
                          来自2号的9.1打卡。
                          不行三点半了好困。
                          虽然第七天打卡也鸽非常不好。
                          但是还是好困。
                          我明天翻译七段。补上来。
                          嗯就这样。












                          结论是。一周下来只坚持了第一天。


                          收起回复
                          13楼2017-09-02 03:25


                            回复
                            14楼2017-09-24 21:37