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【转载】(个人翻译)京阿尼悲剧后英国《卫报》的专栏文章

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1楼2019-07-21 22:50
    Kyoto Animation’s stories celebrated warmth and belonging. The fire is a tragic loss of life and legacy
    标题:京阿尼的故事歌颂温暖与归属感。这次的火灾是生命与文化遗产的悲剧性损失
    原作者:Patrick Lum
    个人渣翻,如有错误还请海涵
    PRAY FOR KYOANI
    The studio that nurtured creativity and treasured its staff made anime that found magic in the everyday
    京阿尼,一间极具创造力的动画工坊,鼓励它的员工制作那些“在日常生活中寻找魔力”的动画作品,并将此视作它宝贵的财富。
    Like many fans, I wasn’t really aware of specific animation houses or companies when I first got into Japanese animation as a kid. Anime, as far as I was concerned, came from Japan: end of story.
    像很多动画粉丝一样,在我在孩童时代第一次接触日本动画作品时我并没有特别在意它来自哪间动画公司。动画,对我而言,它来自日本—这就是我所知道的全部了。
    But over time, it became apparent that some of my favourite series and movies were all done by the same studio – a powerhouse named Kyoto Animation.
    但是随着时间的推移,我发现有些我最喜爱的动画剧集剧集和电影作品都来自同一家动画工坊-一家被叫做京阿尼的强大公司。
    I got into KyoAni, as the studio is nicknamed, in the mid-00s when they were releasing mega-hits like The Melancholy of Suzumiya Haruhi, K-On! and Lucky Star. Even aside from their inescapably popular zany proto-memes and self-referential jokes, there was something about these shows that separated them from their contemporaries at the time; a sort of magic that could even make an episode with no apparent story, set mostly in one classroom on a rainy winter day, seem compelling and heartwarming.
    我在00-10年间注意到京阿尼,在它创作出诸如凉宫春日的忧郁,轻音少女和幸运星这样的大热作品的时候。就算抛开满天飞的动画表情包和各种动画梗不谈,这些作品也有一些独特的闪光点,这让京阿尼的动画与其它同时代的作品显得非常不同。京阿尼具有一种魔力:它甚至不需要一个突出的故事情节就能做出一集动画,让动画就发生一间教室里,在一个下雨的冬季,显得迷人又温暖。
    Kyoto Animation focuses primarily on slice-of-life settings, largely adaptations of stories about high schoolers, with the occasional bent towards madcap comedy (Nichijou), heart-pounding melodrama (Sound! Euphonium) or the fantastical (Haruhi, Violet Evergarden). Through all of it, there’s a tendency towards the understated, an understanding of the nuances of body language and expression and silence that produces a sense of warmth, deliberateness and belonging that can be found in the most mundane (Hyouka, K-On!!), bizarre (Kobayashi Maid-dragon) or serious (A Silent Voice) of works.
    京阿尼专注于日常生活中的点点滴滴,故事主要是关于高中生活的,偶尔会夹带一些搞怪喜剧元素(日常),激动人心的音乐剧(京吹),或者奇幻元素(春日和京紫)。在它所有的作品之中,有一种倾向性贯穿始终,那就是它非常理解那些肢体语言和表情之间的细微差别,以及那种独特的,温暖的,让人产生沉浸感的寂静氛围。这一点可以在它最日常的(轻音),最搞笑的(妹抖龙)或者最严肃的(声之形)作品中寻觅到踪迹。


    This style is the result of a unique studio culture which has relied heavily on well-salaried, in-house animators, as opposed to industry-standard, paid-by-the-frame freelancers. Best detailed by dedicated industry watchers such as SakugaBlog, the studio has invested heavily in trainee development, with mentorship and its own animation school, job security, maternity leave and policies geared towards reducing Japan’s ubiquitous culture of overwork and nurturing a new generation of animators and directors.
    这种风格是它独特企业文化的产物,一种建立在受到良好待遇的室内动画制作者之上的企业文化,这与业界流行的按帧付费的“雇佣兵”式的动画制作模式相反。一些业界观察者,比如SakugaBlog详细地描述了京阿尼在员工培养上的重金投入,它拥有自己的动画学校和导师负责制,工作的稳定性,产假制度。这些都是为了减缓传统日企的通病:加班文化。同时这些制度也源源不断地产生了新一代的动画制作者和导演。


    The studio has also had a reputation in particular for focusing on female talent, hiring women in great proportions than industry standard and promoting award-winning in-house directors such as Naoko Yamada (A Silent Voice) or alumni like Nintendo’s Tomoe Aratani – though that’s not to discount their equally-skilled male colleagues like Yasuhiro Takemoto (Hyouka, The Disappearance of Suzumiya Haruhi) or Tatsuya Ishihara (Sound! Euphonium, Chuunibyou).
    同时京阿尼也由于它对女性职工的重视而饱受好评。它非常看重女性动画师的独特天赋,雇佣了数量远高于业界平均水平的女性员工,同时也诞生了一些大奖得主比如山田尚子(声之形导演),或者一些企业伙伴比如目前在任天堂任职的荒谷朋惠。当然,这些女性员工的成就丝毫不影响同社男性同事的成就比如武本康弘(冰果,凉宫春日的消失)和石原立也(京吹)。
    KyoAni already had a long history of quality work before the early 2000s, with a good reputation as an outsourcing studio and a string of solid early series. But the explosive popularity of their adaptations of Haruhi, Lucky Star and K-On, works which practically redefined anime of that era, catapulted them to mass recognition both by fans looking for high-quality shows and publishers looking for profitable mass-market animations of their own properties.
    从2000年初起,京阿尼就有着创作精良作品的传统,它作为一个负责动画外包的公司积累了很好的口碑同时也有一系列的早期优秀作品。但是京阿尼名声鹊起是由于凉宫春日系列,轻音以及幸运星这些重新定义了动画纪元的作品。



    The studio took this success and funneled it back in to their overriding philosophy of fostering new and upcoming talent. They became their own publishers, launching contests for original stories to animate (Free!, Beyond the Boundary) or actively seeking out external publishers and stories instead of the other way around. They also began taking a larger cut of the resulting merchandising profits, feeding it back into things like regular salaries or childcare initiatives – into policies that meant creators at all levels could simply focus on their art, and into creating an environment where talent and vision could flourish.
    京阿尼将自己的成功经验用于反哺培养它自己的新生代优秀动画人才。它不再是代工公司,成为了真正的动画制作公司,并且推出了一些原创剧集系列比如free和境界的彼方,它也积极地主动寻找外部出版商或优秀剧本。与此同时,京阿尼将自己营业利润其中的一大部分用于提升薪酬水平和育儿支持,用于支撑那些帮助创作者可以全身心投入动画制作当中的福利政策,它创造了一个动画师的天赋与愿景可以蓬勃发展的美妙环境。


    The recent, devastating attack on Kyoto Animation studio strikes at the heart of one of the most storied and celebrated creators in anime; the people and artists, the mentors and the students, to whom the studio was dedicated. It’s a blow to the anime industry, and to Japanese culture at large, and a tragedy on a scale yet to be fully understood.
    最近的这场针对京阿尼的破坏性的恶行重创了这家动画史上最著名也最有天赋的公司之一。大众,艺术家,老师与学生,对于所有热爱京阿尼作品的人来讲这都是一场灾难。往小了说这是动画业界的灾难,往大了说这是整个日本文化的损失,而且我们仍然无法预料这场悲剧的全部后果。

    Fans around the world continue to share screencaps, animation cuts, and stories of how KyoAni’s shows have affected them, celebrating the works that they created and the dreams they have wrought. For my part, when I saw the news of the devastating fire, I curled up with an episode of my personal favourite (Sound! Euphonium) and watched, and remembered, and hoped.
    全世界的京阿尼粉丝正在继续分享作品中的经典场景,片段与剧情,阐述京阿尼是如何影响他们的,并且纪念京阿尼带来的那些美妙故事和它塑造的那些梦想。对我来讲,在看到这场灾难发生之后,我重温了我最喜爱的作品《吹响!上低音号》其中的一集,观看,铭记并心怀希望祈祷着。




    END


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    2楼2019-07-21 22:50
      谢谢翻译


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      来自Android客户端5楼2019-07-21 22:53
        我还在想要不要也在战吧发一份呢挺好的


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        来自Android客户端8楼2019-07-21 23:05
          这是卫报某个人编辑的文章吧,有些过吹捧,不过编辑作为fans,加上京阿尼这次惨事,也算不为过吧。


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          来自Android客户端9楼2019-07-21 23:11
            我们的京都


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            来自Android客户端10楼2019-07-21 23:18
              写的真好呐


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              来自Android客户端11楼2019-07-21 23:20
                挺好的,概括的挺准确


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                来自Android客户端12楼2019-07-21 23:20
                  第一句好像应该是鼓励创新,重视员工,制作在日常中寻找魔法的动画


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                  来自Android客户端13楼2019-07-21 23:23


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                    来自Android客户端14楼2019-07-21 23:25
                      有些情感对人类始终是共通的,京阿尼真的是被来自不同民族和国家的大家爱和尊敬着的动画公司啊。。


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                      来自iPhone客户端15楼2019-07-21 23:26
                        这写的有水平的(至少不像外人评论)


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                        来自Android客户端16楼2019-07-21 23:32


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                          17楼2019-07-21 23:36


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                            18楼2019-07-21 23:37


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                              来自Android客户端19楼2019-07-21 23:37
                                我知道你最喜欢哪一集


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                                20楼2019-07-21 23:43
                                  第一次看到西方人说自己喜欢的作品是京吹


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                                  来自iPhone客户端22楼2019-07-21 23:59
                                    有十几页,选了几页






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                                    来自Android客户端23楼2019-07-22 00:00
                                      这贴在b吧明明热度这么低……
                                      写的真好,瞬间对自己考研英语有了信心


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                                      来自Android客户端24楼2019-07-22 00:01
                                        美好的东西却被打破了


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                                        来自Android客户端25楼2019-07-22 00:03
                                          仿佛在做考研阅读理解


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                                          来自Android客户端26楼2019-07-22 00:12
                                            你翻译啊


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                                            来自iPhone客户端27楼2019-07-22 00:25
                                              京蜜遍布全世界


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                                              来自iPhone客户端28楼2019-07-22 01:11
                                                基本能看得懂,除了某些冷门的词汇


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                                                来自Android客户端29楼2019-07-22 01:17


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                                                  来自iPhone客户端31楼2019-07-22 01:31


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                                                    来自Android客户端32楼2019-07-22 02:00


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                                                      来自iPhone客户端34楼2019-07-22 05:49
                                                        京蜜世界各地


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                                                        来自Android客户端35楼2019-07-22 06:40


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                                                          来自Android客户端36楼2019-07-22 06:43
                                                            现在想想乡愁这词还是蛮贴切的


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                                                            来自Android客户端39楼2019-07-22 08:37