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花豹和斑鬣狗的互动

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1楼2019-09-16 10:52




    先上一个新闻
    这两兄弟的成熟也在我的脑海中闪过。他们是否正处于这样一个阶段,即他们现在正寻求确立自己的主导地位?这是这两种掠食者之间甚至是它们自己物种之间进一步冲突的开始吗?尽管已经24个多月大了,这对兄弟仍然生活在母亲的照料之下。随着他们每天的成熟,自然的攻击性倾向和支配性本能很可能会显著地显现出来。
    你认为是什么其他原因促成了这两兄弟和鬣狗之间发生的罕见而孤立的事件?请在下面的评论部分留下你的想法。
    拍摄:John Caden
    摄影:Linda Caden


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    2楼2019-09-16 10:55

      另一个,也是londolozi的事情
      一旦鬣狗被拖上了树,他就再也没有机会了。他不再是那个用结实的下颚咬住肉和骨头的人,现在他感觉到马卡贝尼3:2年轻雄豹强有力的抓着他脖子后面。悬挂在5米高的空中,向任何可能听到它叫声的动物求救,唯一到达的其他动物是Maxabeni 3:3年轻的雄性豹。在一次太多偷来的杀戮和侵略性的遭遇后,Maxabeni豹子兄弟现在正在实施他们的报复…
      很难准确推测为什么会发生这种遭遇,因为豹子一般不猎食鬣狗,更不用说吃了。显而易见的结论表明,毫无戒心的鬣狗在错误的时间出现在了错误的地点;忍受着两兄弟的行为,他们在一起的时候比平时更自信。这只孤独的小鬣狗根本无法抵挡这两只野兽的进攻。他是生态系统中一个毫无防备的受害者。但是,Maxabeni兄弟的这种咄咄逼人的爆发是否有更深层次的原因呢?
      在过去的5年里,Londolozi的鬣狗数量有了很大的增长,这主要是由于狮子动态的不稳定性以及猎物种群的增长。对食物竞争的增加导致了豹子和鬣狗之间比正常情况下更大的冲突。你一定还记得我们的帖子,土狼把马卡贝尼兄弟赶走了。这些遭遇肯定只会增加豹子对鬣狗的攻击性行为的动机吗?


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      3楼2019-09-16 10:57
        另一个很有趣的事情,转londolozi博客





        Londolozi故事:
        4只鬣狗,2只豹子和一只胡狼……
        大自然真的是最令人发指的舞台,在这个舞台上,她的演员们自由地想要让人惊叹!这一阶段往往是一个平台,揭示了永远不会重复客串…
        Maxabeni 3:3这只年轻的雄性刚完成了一小时的茎杆穿越空地;他依偎在一小丛灌木丛后面,等待黄昏降临。黑斑羚做出了致命的举动,进入了攻击范围。自然本能占据了上风,这只年轻的雄性豹在几秒钟内就把这只巨大的黑斑羚压扁了。他立刻做了他以前见过他母亲无数次做的事,他试图把猎物拖到树上。但是谋杀发生在一片空地上,最近的一棵树在200米外,这需要很大的努力。他选择把它藏起来,这样他就可以开始进食了。
        在Maxabeni 3:3年轻的雄性豹杀死一只黑斑羚后不久,第一只鬣狗出现了。那个淘气的拾荒者闻到了尸体的味道,溜达到了竞技场。在呼叫支援时,几分钟之内就有几只鬣狗围着这只雄性豹打转。不安的、掠夺成性的群众来了。这种情况已经不是第一次发生了,Maxabeni年轻的雄豹不得不放弃猎物。
        鬣狗奋力搏斗,把黑斑羚撕成碎片,几秒钟内就吃掉了大部分猎物。一只大个子的雌性带着脑袋跑掉了,高兴地尖叫着。但Maxabeni年轻的雄性留在了机翼上,他还没有准备好离开。在一个无比勇敢,或许是愚蠢的时刻,他向4只鬣狗发起挑战,偷走了他珍爱的猎物。一时间,动物们向四面八方奔跑,一片混乱。此外,还有一只侧边条纹的小胡狼,它是偶然来到这里,想看看自己是否能从这场混乱中获益。
        就在这时,我们注意到舞台上出现了第二只豹子……那只马古巴3:2雌豹一直潜伏在后台,试图加入战斗。在某一时刻,我们有两只豹子,四只鬣狗和一只侧边条纹的胡狼,它们都试图以逐渐减少的黑斑羚尸体为食。看着这一幕在我们眼前展开是一件很有趣的事;更不用说那令人惊叹的听觉体验了。
        在这出戏的结尾,演员们都毫发无损地离开了;最后一幕是一场平静的擦肩而过,因为马马巴雌马马巴尼只是在月光下从马马巴尼年轻的雄马马巴尼身边走过,彼此都不为对方的出现而感到不安……


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        4楼2019-09-16 11:00
          第三个






          大约一年前,我拍摄了Maxabeni 3:2的年轻雄性猎豹,并把一只小duiker拖上了一棵马鲁拉树。在一岁的时候,这只亚成年的雄性豹开始表现出猎食的迹象。两岁的时候,这只豹和它的兄弟,Maxabeni 3:3年轻的雄豹,都长成了雄狮。他们带着态度行动,充满信心,直到土狼到来。
          这些早熟的兄弟把他们的个性归功于他们的母亲,Maxabeni女性。这只小雌豹对伦敦洛兹及其周边地区豹群的贡献就像她求生的意志一样持久。从10个月大开始独立,她已经走了一个完整的圈子,掌握了现在是她的领地的环境。她的技艺从生存到领土防卫再到狩猎。她的狩猎能力是如此的高效,以至于最近她能够迅速连续打倒两头Kudu(捻角羚)。
          留下一条kudu给她的儿子们吃,年轻的雄性很快吃掉了尽可能多的kudu。两年的生活教会了这些豹充分认识到丛林草原上到处都是食腐动物,它们不顾一切地想要赶走这些珍贵的猎物。在它们第一次进食后不久,一只土狼就来了,这让它们受到了很好的教育。就这样,从这两只豹那里偷取猎物的过程开始了。
          与此同时,在这部戏剧以北80米的地方,Maxabeni雌性静静地躺在灌木丛的底部。她把猎物撕碎,完全不间断地进食。她抬头看了我一会儿,一双又大又圆的眼睛吸引住了我。他们头脑敏锐,注意力集中,但又像智者一样亲切。她已经失去了自己的生命,也曾经和鬣狗打过仗,但现在她正在把这些教训传授给她的后代。不是告诉他们或控制他们,而是让他们在这个狂野的世界里经历生活中必要的陷阱,这样他们就能获得和她一样的智慧。
          那天晚些时候,鬣狗不见了,她的两个儿子从树上下来,她让他们和她一起坐在尸体旁。谁知道她说了些什么,但我敢肯定,当他们不再依赖她的时候,我会把他们需要知道的东西再告诉他们一遍……”


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          5楼2019-09-16 11:05
            转另一个记录,是一位老会员,豹迷chui提供的。


            试图掐死他生命的最后一丝气息(多半是指后文豹子杀疣猪),一只鬣狗跑了进来,想弄清楚这噪音(豹子杀猪的声音)到底是怎么回事。然后他看到豹子和疣猪缠斗而且在试图杀死疣猪,他就开始吃猪已经被扒出来的内脏。当sandriver确信这头猪已经死了,他就开始攻击鬣狗……豹子扑向鬣狗,对它咆哮,而鬣狗不满地大叫着,很可能是想寻求帮助。”


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            6楼2019-09-16 11:14
              Bicycle Crossing male leopard – 31 August
              This large, dominant male leopard was found in the morning feeding on the remains of an elephant close to the confluence of the Matshapiri River and the Sand River. The elephant was a young bull that had been euthanased by the Department of Wildlife the afternoon before due to a wounded trunk from a snare and a badly fractured right front leg. During the course of the morning a hyena joined the leopard, and they fed together on the carcass, something almost unheard of in a natural system. There was much aggression between the two however, and another four hyenas soon arrived and together they chased the Bicycle Crossing male off the carcass. He did not move far and lay down under the cover of some thick bush to await his chance to return to the carcass.
              (和上楼的出自一个网站)
              这只体型庞大,具有统治力的雄豹早上在Matshapiri河和沙河交汇处附近被发现,它在吃一头大象的尸体。这头大象是一头年轻的雄性,由于被陷阱缠住,鼻子受伤,右腿严重骨折,野生动物部门在前一天下午对它实施了安乐死。在早晨的过程中,一只鬣狗加入了豹子的行列,它们一起吃大象的尸体,这在大自然中几乎是闻所未闻的。然而,这豹和鬣狗之间的争斗非常激烈,另外四只鬣狗很快就赶到了,它们一起把豹子从尸体上赶了下来。他(豹)没有走多远,而是躺在一丛茂密的灌木下面,等待着回到尸体旁的机会。


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              9楼2019-09-16 11:37
                Tjellahanga male & female leopard – 18 September
                The mating pair continued to mate frequently during the course of the day, with the Tjellahanga male being alerted to the excited yelps of a number of hyenas. The hyena had killed a kudu and the leopard managed to steel the kill and hoist it up a tree, only to be stolen from him by a lioness of the Selati pride. After all had calmed down, the leopard escaped from the area and continued his romance with the female leopard.
                出处同上,这件事的结果有点令人出乎意料
                Tjellahanga雄豹和雌豹- 9月18日

                这对情侣在白天继续频繁地交配,与此同时Tjellahanga雄豹听到了许多鬣狗兴奋的叫声。鬣狗杀死了一只大捻角羚,豹子设法把羚羊弄到树上,却被Selati狮群的一只母狮偷走了。当一切都平静下来后,这只豹子逃离了这个地区,继续与雌豹


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                10楼2019-09-16 11:39
                  Bicycle Crossing male leopard, Ngoboswan Female leopard and cub of the Ngoboswan female Leopard – 23 September
                  Rangers heard chattering monkey on the eastern bank of the Sand River around Flockfield Boma Crossing. On working around the western bank 2 nervous looking hyenas were discovered looking in the direction of the Sand River. Upon investigating three leopards were discovered in the vicinity of a bushbuck kill. Great interaction occurred between the leopards and the hyenas as they fought over the meat, with the Bicycle crossing male leopard biting off a hyena’s ear! During which a young bull elephant arrived on the scene, and upon noticing the leopards, chased the cub of the Ngoboswan leopard up the tree with partial remains of the bushbuck kill in it. Noticeably irritated, the elephant tried to shake the young male leopard out of the tree, breaking off large branches in the process. Once the elephant moved off, the Bicycle Crossing male ascended the tree and chased the young male out. After all the interaction the leopards were left to themselves.
                  三豹子,一雄一雌一个崽子
                  护林员听到一只猴子在Flockfield Boma渡口附近的沙河东岸叽叽喳喳地叫。在西岸附近工作时,人们发现两只神情紧张的鬣狗正朝着沙河的方向张望。经过调查,三只豹子被发现在附近的一处灌木丛中而且已经杀死了一头薮羚。豹和鬣狗在争夺肉食时发生了冲突,雄豹咬掉了鬣狗的耳朵!在这期间,一头年轻的公象赶到了现场,一看到豹子,就把小豹子追上了树,树上还残留着部分的薮羚残害。大象显然很生气,试图把年轻的雄豹从树上摇下来,在这个过程中折断了大树枝。大象一离开,雄豹(前文咬斑鬣狗耳朵的)就爬上了树,把小豹赶了出去。


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                  11楼2019-09-16 11:44
                    Manyelethi male leopard – 9 January 2008
                    The Manyelethi male leopard was found in the Matshapiri open area during the afternoon drive. Rangers were following the marks left by a leopard that had dragged a kill across the road. When he was found, the leopard had the remains of an adult impala that he was dragging. He moved it to the edge of the open area and started to feed off it. A large hyena arrived a short while later and a battle royal followed as the leopard and hyena fought for the scraps of the impala. Finally the carcass tore apart and each made off with their own piece. The leopard was left sleeping in a tree with the last of the bit of impala that he had managed to get.
                    这只多列提雄豹是在下午开(开车动作发出对象应该是护林员)去Matshapiri公园时被发现的。护林员正在追踪一头豹拖着一头猎物穿过马路留下的痕迹。当他(豹子)被发现时,这只豹子拖着一只成年黑斑羚的尸体。他把它移到空地的边缘,开始吃它。不久,一只大鬣狗来了,一场战斗紧随其后,战斗过程中豹子和鬣狗在争夺黑斑羚的尸体。最后,尸体被撕裂了,他两分别都带着自己的那块肉离开了。随后这只豹留在一棵树上睡觉,树上还带着他弄到的最后一点黑斑羚肉。


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                    12楼2019-09-16 12:07
                      Emsagwen male – 6 April 2008
                      An adult male warthog was found near Claredon dam with many fatal wounds all over his body but there was no predator in sight, soon after the warthog died the Emsagwen male appeared and started to feed on the carcass. The warthog was so large that when the leopard could barely move it towards a nearby tree. Later on the night a Hyena moved toward the leopard and stole the kill; strangely enough the leopard did not put up a fight for his kill.
                      一头成年雄性疣猪在克莱登大坝附近被发现,(疣猪)全身都是致命的伤口,但没有猎食者被发现。疣猪死后不久,Emsagwen雄豹出现了并开始吃这头猪。疣猪是如此之大,以至于豹几乎不能把它挪动到附近的一棵树。晚上晚些时候,一只鬣狗向豹子走去,偷走了猎物;奇怪的是,豹子没有为他的猎物而战斗(也就是没有反击鬣狗)。


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                      13楼2019-09-16 12:09
                        Emsagwen Male and Matshapiri female – 17 April 2008
                        (ps:相当奇葩的案例)
                        The Emsagwen male and the Matshapiri female were found just to the south of Claredon Dam. The leopards where in the area of a young zebra carcass, it appeared that both had fed from the kill. The leopards were also seen mating a number of times with the mating seen to be very aggressive and the female leopard having a few bite marks on her neck. The leopards were not found again during the afternoon and tracks in the area suggested that a Hyena had moved in and stolen what was left of the leopards kill.
                        Emsagwen雄性和Matshapiri雌性在Claredon Dam南部被发现。在豹子所在的区域中有一具年轻的斑马尸体,看来这两豹子都吃了这具被通过他们猎杀获得的班马尸体。人们还看到豹子交配了很多次,这种交配被认为是非常具有攻击性的,雌性豹子的脖子上有一些咬痕(可能雄花豹在交配过程中咬伤了雌性花豹)。下午豹子没有在该地区,而且该地区的踪迹表明一只鬣狗进入了这个地区然后偷走了豹子的猎物。
                        (莫非是趁着豹子 x x o o 的时候偷了猎物?)


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                        14楼2019-09-16 12:16
                          Manyelethi male 02 May 2008
                          The Manyelethi male was found where he made the impala kill the night before. The leopard was lying near the carcase when a hyena moved into the area; they fought with each other then both animals started to feed on the kill. The Hyena eventually managed to chase the male leopard off but he still hung around in the area, in the background. He then challenged the hyena with another fight, chased it off and took the dead impala back. The leopard then dragged the kill into a tree before the Hyena could get it; after which spending the day feeding on his well earned carcass.
                          2008年5月2日
                          这只公豹是在前一天晚上在他杀死黑斑羚的地方被发现的。当鬣狗进入这个区域时,豹正躺在尸体附近;他们互相争斗,然后两只动物都吃黑斑羚尸体。鬣狗最终成功地赶走了这只雄性豹,但他仍然在这片区域徘徊。然后,豹子又和鬣狗搏斗了一场,赶走了鬣狗,把黑斑羚尸体带了回来。然后豹子在鬣狗抓到猎物之前把猎物拖到树上;在那之后的一天里,他都在吃他应得的肉(也就是黑斑羚肉,毕竟这羚羊是他自己捕获的)。


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                          15楼2019-09-16 12:19
                            Emsagwen Male Leopard – 13 June 2008
                            This large territorial male leopard was found sleeping around the Emsagwen Waterhole. He was sporting an impressive gash to his back, and remained inactive for much of the day. After becoming active in the early evening, he crossed the path of a large hyena. He hissed at the hyena, and this was enough warning for the hyena to keep its distance.
                            这只巨大的地主雄豹被发现睡在Emsagwen水坑附近。他的背部有一道令人印象深刻的伤口而且一整天大部分时间都没有活动。在傍晚之后他开始变得活跃起来,他穿过了一条有着一只庞大的鬣狗的小径。他对鬣狗发出嘶嘶声,这足以警告鬣狗让鬣狗和他保持距离。


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                            16楼2019-09-16 12:22
                              Unidentified male leopard – 11 August 2008
                              This large male leopard has been seen a few times before. He frequents the Windmill area and over the last few months has been making excursions deeper into Mala Mala. This time he led rangers on a merry chase through broken and thorny land, before ending up in the Kapen River where he had stashed a dead duiker up a tree. Later on he was challenged by a couple of hyenas, and the ensuing interaction was wonderful to behold. He was left in the tree and later that day was found to have disappeared.
                              不明身份的雄豹- 2008年8月11日
                              这只雄性大豹以前被(护林员?)见过几次。他经常去风车区而且在过去的几个月里,他一直在深入马拉马拉。这一次,他在穿过龟裂和满地荆棘的土地,最后来到了卡彭河边,他把一个死去的小羚羊藏在了树上。后来他遇到了几只鬣狗的挑战,他的表现非常不错。他随后上了树,几天后就消失了。


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                              17楼2019-09-16 12:27